Sample Lesson This selection is based on our editorial judgment. Other sources may list different firsts. Admiral in U.S. Navy: David Glasgow Farragut, 1866. Airmail route, first transcontinental: Between New York City and San Francisco, 1920. Assembly, representative: House of Burgesses, founded in Virginia, 1619. Bank established: Bank of North America, Philadelphia, 1781. Birth in America to English parents: Virginia Dare, born Roanoke Island, N.C., 1587. Black newspaper: Freedom's Journal, 1827, edited by John B. Russworm. Black U.S. diplomat: Ebenezer D. Bassett, 1869, minister-resident to Haiti. Black elected governor of a state: L. Douglas Wilder, Virginia, 1990. Black elected to U.S. Senate: Hiram Revels, 1870, Mississippi. Black elected to U.S. House of Representatives: Jefferson Long, Georgia, 1870. Black associate justice of U.S. Supreme Court: Thurgood Marshall, Oct. 2, 1967. Black secretary of state: Gen. Colin Powell, appointed Dec. 2000. Black U.S. cabinet minister: Robert C. Weaver, 1966, Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Book by an African-American is published: Phillis Wheatley, 1773 Botanic garden: Established by John Bartram in Philadelphia, 1728, and is still in existence in its original location. Cartoon, colored: “The Yellow Kid,” by Richard Outcault, in New York World, 1895. College: Harvard, founded 1636. College to confer degrees on women: Oberlin College (Ohio), 1841. College to establish coeducation: Oberlin College (Ohio), 1833. Electrocution of a criminal: William Kemmler in Auburn Prison, Auburn, N.Y., Aug. 6, 1890. Five and Dime store: Founded by Frank Woolworth, Utica, N.Y., 1879 (moved to Lancaster, Pa., same year). Fraternity, Greek-letter: Phi Beta Kappa; founded Dec. 5, 1776, at College of William and Mary. Gay and lesbian civil rights advocacy organization, national: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, founded in New York City, 1973. Lesbian, acknowledged, elected to high local office: Kathy Kozachenko, 1974, Ann Arbor City Council. Gay man, acknowledged, elected to high local office: Harvey Milk, 1977, San Francisco Board of Supervisors. Indian-American governor: Bobby Jindal, 2007. Law to be declared unconstitutional by U.S. Supreme Court: Judiciary Act of 1789. Case: Marbury v. Madison, 1803. Library, circulating: Philadelphia, 1731. Newspaper, illustrated daily: New York Daily Graphic, 1873. Newspaper published daily: Pennsylvania Packet and General Advertiser, Philadelphia, Sept. 1784. Newspaper published over a continuous period: The Boston News-Letter, April 1704. Oil well, commercial: Titusville, Pa., 1859. Panel quiz show on radio: Information Please, May 17, 1938. Postage stamps issued: 1847. Public school: Boston Latin School, Boston, 1635. Radio station licensed: KDKA, Pittsburgh, Pa., Oct. 27, 1920. Railroad, transcontinental: Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads, joined at Promontory, Utah, May 10, 1869. Savings bank: The Provident Institute for Savings, Boston, 1816. Science museum: Founded by Charleston (S.C.) Library Society, 1773. Skyscraper: Home Insurance Co., Chicago, 1885 (10 floors, 2 added later). Slaves brought into America: At Jamestown, Va., 1619, from a Dutch ship. Sorority: Alpha Delta Pi, at Wesleyan Female College, 1851. Space tourist: Dennis Tito, 2001 State legalizes same-sex marriage: Massachusetts, 2004. State to abolish capital punishment: Michigan, 1847. State to enter Union after original 13: Vermont, 1791. Steam-heated building: Eastern Hotel, Boston, 1845. Steam railroad (carried passengers and freight): Baltimore & Ohio, 1830. Strike on record by union: Journeymen Printers, New York City, 1776. Subway: Opened in Boston, 1897. “Tabloid” picture newspaper: The Illustrated Daily News (now the Daily News), New York City, 1919. Vaudeville theater: Gaiety Museum, Boston, 1883. Woman astronaut appointed commander of the International Space Station: Dr. Peggy Whitson, 2008 Woman astronaut appointed shuttle commander: Lt. Col. Eileen Collins, Columbia, launched July 1999. Woman astronaut to ride in space: Dr. Sally K. Ride, 1983. Woman astronaut to walk in space: Dr. Kathryn D. Sullivan, 1984. Woman cabinet member: Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor, 1933. Woman candidate for president: Victoria Claflin Woodhull, nominated by National Woman's Suffrage Assn. on ticket of Nation Radical Reformers, 1872. Woman candidate for vice president: Geraldine A. Ferraro, nominated on a major party ticket, Democratic Party, 1984. Woman doctor of medicine: Elizabeth Blackwell; M.D. from Geneva Medical College of Western New York, 1849.